The connection of this circuit has a unique property of resonating at a precise frequency termed as the resonant frequency. Simulation of lcc resonant circuits power electronics ece562 colorado state university modified december 2008 purpose. This is an rlc circuit, which is an oscillating circuit consisting of a resistor, capacitor, and inductor connected in series. What this means in practical terms is that, the total impedance of a tank circuit is infinite behaving as an open circuit at resonance.
Resonant conditions the condition for resonance is when the imaginary portion of the impedance. Series and parallel lc circuit are used in induction heating. The series resonant lc circuit is used to provide voltage magnification. The lc oscillators frequency is controlled using a tuned or resonant inductivecapacitive lc circuit with the resulting output frequency being known as the oscillation frequency. This article gives the information about rlc circuit, series and parallels rlc circuits, the q factor, and applications of the resonant rlc circuits. This article discusses what is an lc circuit, resonance operation of a simple series and parallels lc circuit. Modeling a resonant lc tank circuit embedded in a vco. Parallel resonance and parallel rlc resonant circuit. B the stored electric field energy is less than the stored magnetic field energy. Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. The second simulation method is a small signal ac analysis of the. Series resonant circuit with resistance in parallel with l shifts maximum current from 159. Simple series and parallel lc circuit resonance operation. The purpose of this lab is to simulate the series resonant circuit using matlab and nl5 to better familiarize the student with some of its operating characteristics.
The converter consists of a switching bridge halfbridge mosfet, an llc resonant circuit, a fullbridge rectifier and an output filter co. It is suitable for hobbyist or electronic engineers. Consider an lc circuit in which capacitor and inductor both are connected in series across a voltage supply. Resonant circuits resonant circuits may be designed as series resonant or parallel resonant. A tank circuit is a parallel combination of l and c that is used in filter networks to either select or reject ac frequencies. If i set resonance frequency to about 732khz, current gets sinusoidal. The purpose of this lab is to simulate the lcc circuit using capture cis and matlab to better familiarize the student with some of its operating characteristics. The purpose of this lab is to simulate the series resonant circuit using.
Using the forms of the inductive reactance and capacitive reactance, the term involving them can be expressed in terms of the frequency. Simulation results of different compensating solutions for a 50. The new currentamplified resonant circuit is a powerful, highfrequency, magneticfield generator. Im expecting the current of the voltage source v1 to get. This calculator can determine the resonant frequency of an lc circuit which basically is a circuit consisting of an inductor and a capacitor and is also known as a tuned circuit. An lc resonant circuit, as the name implies, achieves resonance. First click on what you are solving and the units you. In this circuit, we show how to build an lc resonant circuit. How this is accomplished by both series and parallel lc circuits is the subject of the next section. The lc oscillators frequency is controlled using a tuned or resonant inductive capacitive lc circuit with the resulting output frequency being known as the. Unlike the slr converter, the llc converter can keep the output voltage regulated even under light load condition. The average power dissipated in a series resonant circuit can be expressed in terms of the rms voltage and current as follows. The proposed system is composed of a reader antenna inductively coupled to the sensor inductor, a measurement.
Lc parallel circuit at resonant frequency rf design. Simulation of a parametric resonance circuit ranklinf d. Lc resonant circuit composed of an inductor l and a capacitor c. It is shown by simulation that energy from spacetime.
So for a 1v signal at vs you would see 300v at the centre if the q of the lc circuit was 300. Useful for constructing bandpass filters, known as resonators, whose frequency response is highly frequency selective. Power in a series resonant circuit georgia state university. The inductance of the inductor can be varied by inserting an iron core, and.
Analysis of llc resonant converter with currentdoubler. Rlc resonant circuits andrew mchutchon april 20, 20 1 capacitors and inductors there is a lot of inconsistency when it comes to dealing with reactances of complex components. Close the switch momentarily to get it going again. Each has the ability to discriminate between its resonant frequency and all other frequencies. Jul 23, 2012 to show how these leadlag relationships give rise to the unique properties of series and parallel resonant lc circuits. Jun 17, 2011 matlab simulations of series resonant circuit 1. Resonant conditions the condition for resonance is when the. In this paper, llc series resonant converter with currentdoubler as a rectification circuit for secondary side is proposed. Lc parallel circuit at resonant frequency rf design cadence.
I hope the given information in the article is helpful to. However, the model is limited for the prediction of resonant frequency. Lc oscillator tutorial and tuned lc oscillator basics. We can plot the consequences of this over a wide power supply frequency range with a short spice simulation. An lc resonant circuit is a circuit that is composed of a single inductor and capacitor that can do many powerful and useful things. March 30, 2012 abstract special resonance circuits are investigated with circuit elements being parametric, i. This novel lc resonant tank amplifies the magnetic coil current by 2x while generating a. The difference this time however, is that a parallel resonance circuit is influenced by the currents flowing through each parallel branch within the parallel lc tank circuit. Resonant circuit labs technology, sufficiently advanced.
The lc circuit transforms the pressure variation into the lc resonant frequency shift. When i simulate this circuit at the resonant frequency, with spectre default values, i get. By making the oscillators feedback a reactive network the phase angle of the feedback will vary as a function of frequency and this is called phaseshift. I am trying to simulate a simple lc parallel circuit when it is drived by a voltage source. Resonant frequency and bandwidth of metamaterial emitters and. The currentdoubler circuit is generally used for the high voltage. Download scientific diagram lc resonant inverter circuit.
It is an electrical circuit used for generating signals or picking out the signals at a particular frequency. Using ni multisim to design and simulate rlc series. Ece 562 series resonant circuit nl5 simulation page 1. Ece 562 series resonant circuit nl5 simulation page 2 purpose. In a given lc resonant circuit, a the stored electric field energy is greater than the stored magnetic field energy. The problem is that there are an infinite number of lc combinations, 25,33uh and pf will resonate at 1 mhz but so will 2,533mh and 10pf. Here you can download some schematics to test with qucs. Lc resonant circuit for voltage amplification page 1.
If the external vibration is equal to the natural frequency resonance occurs. The resonance frequency depends on the capacitance and inductance in the circuit and is shown in the lowerright corner as res. When the applet starts up you will see an animated schematic of a simple lrc circuit. In order to extend lc circuit models and to explore the resonance characteristics, we introduce an rlc circuit model because the field and current configurations for the mp can be accounted for by an equivalent rlc circuit model as shown in fig. An lc circuit is otherwise called as resonant circuit. Wire an inductor and a capacitor in parallel and you get a resonant circuit, use 12pisqrt lc to calculate the resonant frequency, we all know this as its basic electronics. Electrical tutorial about series resonance and the series rlc resonant circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance connected in series. The middle one is being driven at the resonance frequency shown in the lower right corner of the screen as res. And finally, a series lc circuit with the significant resistance in parallel with the capacitor the shifted resonance is shown below. Resonance is characterized by the input voltage and current being in phase. The llc resonant circuit reduces switching loss through zerovoltage switching zvs. Electromagnetic oscillating circuit an electromagnetic oscillating circuit, consisting of a capacitor and an inductor lc oscillator lc oscillator, macromedia shockwave lrc circuit lab this java applet is intended to show you how a system of a resistor, a capacitor and an inductor react with one another in a system.
Series lc resonant circuit with resistance in parallel with c. To confirm the new resonantcircuit mathematical model discussed above, a spice simulation tool was used to simulate the. Three identical rlc circuits are being driven by three different frequencies. Vs where qu is the q of the inductor assuming the q of the cap is very large. The ideal resonator shown there, with no losses, would only pass the resonant frequency, but real circuits have finite losses, characterized as we noted previously by the quality factor q. Power electronics iii colorado state university by electrical and computer engineering student minh anh thi nguyen page 1 of 27. In electrical science impedance of the inductors and capacitors depends on the frequency. A variable capacitor c, large inductor or solenoid l, and 200w light bulb r are connected in series to 120 vac. If the source is a voltage source eg zs lc circuit will be qu. An lc circuit, also called a resonant circuit, tank circuit, or tuned circuit, is an electric circuit consisting of an inductor, represented by the letter l, and a capacitor, represented by the letter c, connected together.
Lc resonance calculator rlc circuit frequency calculator. The llc converter is a dcdc converter based on a resonant circuit which allows softswitching operation. This lab will explore some of the following aspects of the series resonant circuit. Im expecting the current of the voltage source v1 to get smaller as its frequency gets closer to the resonant frequency. The format followed in this document is as follows. Resonant circuit generates a highfrequency magnetic field. May 12, 2008 a variable capacitor c, large inductor or solenoid l, and 200w light bulb r are connected in series to 120 vac. Hi, i need to simulate following circuit via ltspice but when i set lc tank resonance frequency to 25khz, i am not able to get sinusoidal current in lc tank network. The voltage and current waveform phases are examined, and it is shown how. This is a java simulation of a classic rlc resistor inductor capacitor circuit. C the stored electric field energy is equal to the stored magnetic field energy. Download scientific diagram the parallel resonance. You should see an applet below with slider controls to adjust the parameters, which controls a graph of inductor current during its initial response.1573 535 436 1273 87 1249 1614 291 351 1593 12 1013 730 657 591 1466 1436 1273 104 1019 1523 1621 1334 297 1289 650 496 909 553 151 1046 65 53 1304 190 697 1295 224 696 724